Treating Gum Recession
Gum recession can be caused by genetics, hormonal changes, and most commonly periodontal disease. No matter what the cause, receding gums are unsightly and, if left untreated, may weaken bone structures in the teeth and result in eventual tooth loss. There are several options to consider correcting gum recession depending on the severity of the condition.
A few are described below:
Pocket Depth Reduction
During this procedure, the periodontist folds back the affected gum tissue, removes the bacteria from the pockets. Then, secures the gum tissue in place over the tooth root, eliminating the pockets or reducing their size.
If the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed as a result of gum recession, a procedure to regenerate lost bone and tissue may need to be performed. Similar to pocket depth reduction, your dentist will fold back the gum tissue and remove the bacteria. A regenerative material, such as a membrane, graft tissue, or tissue-stimulating protein, will then be applied to encourage your body to regenerate bone and tissue in that area. After the regenerative material is put in place, the gum tissue is secured over the root of the tooth or teeth.
Soft Tissue Graft
There are several types of gum tissue graft procedures, but the most commonly used one is called a connective tissue graft. In this procedure, a flap of skin is cut at the roof of your mouth and tissue from under the flap is removed and then stitched to the gum tissue surrounding the exposed root. After the connective tissue has been removed from under the flap, the flap is stitched back down.
There have been recent advances in soft tissue grafting that eliminate the need for cutting skin out of the roof of the mouth, including AlloDerm. This is donated human tissue used in reconstructive medical and dental procedures.
If you are interested in learning more about gum recession and treatment options, contact the periodontal specialists at Gallardo and Lamas Periodontics and Implant Dentistry of Miami today for a consultation at 305-447-1447.