5 Options for Restoring Damaged or Lost Teeth

Posted by Dr. John Paul Gallardo, DDS, PA
Tooth restoration procedures can help to improve the look and function of your smile, with options ranging from dental implants to bridges and veneers
Knowing your dental options will allow you to make the best choice for your situation

Your permanent teeth are designed to last for the rest of your life. But, sometimes, circumstances can keep your teeth from surviving as long as you do. There are several reasons why a tooth might be damaged, from tooth decay to gum disease and from an injury to biting down on something hard.

Although once upon a time, you might have simply had to live with a missing or otherwise damaged tooth, these days you have more treatment options than ever when it comes to repairing or restoring the tooth structure. The dental procedure that is best for you depends on the extent of the damage and on how long you want the type of tooth restoration to last.

Tooth Restoration Procedures


When you think of ways to repair or restore damaged teeth, a filling might be the first thing that comes to mind. It’s certainly the most common dental restoration option. Dental fillings are utilized for repairing damages caused by tooth decay, but they cannot replace or restore the entire tooth. If you have a cavity, for example, your dentist will most likely use a filling to correct it.

Fillings are available in a variety of options and materials. Silver amalgam fillings were once fairly common, as they are cheap, easy to apply, and pretty durable. The drawback of silver fillings is that they are visible on the tooth. Composite resin or porcelain fillings might not have the durability of silver amalgam fillings, but they are usually the same color as the tooth and are much less noticeable.

Dental Bonding

Tooth Bonding is a quick option for restoring a chipped or broken tooth. The treatment involves applying a composite resin to the affected tooth, then shaping the resin until the issue with the tooth is corrected. A dentist can use bonding to reattach a piece of the tooth that has broken off or to fill in a chip or crack.

One advantage of tooth bonding is that it is usually a one-and-done treatment. A patient only has to go in for treatment or correction once. There’s no need to wait for a replacement restoration to come in from the lab or for the patient to return for a follow-up.

Dental Crowns

While bonding or a filling might be sufficient to correct smaller issues on the teeth or to fix small areas of decay, a more extensive dental restoration treatment is often needed when there is a considerable amount of decay. In some cases, a crown, which covers, or “caps,” the top of the tooth might be what a patient needs when there is a lot of decay or when the tooth cracks.

A crown is made to fit perfectly in the patient’s mouth and is often colored to match the shade of a person’s teeth. For the most part, other people aren’t able to tell that someone has a crown unless that person decides to share the news.

Although crowns are fairly durable and can last for many years, you do want to take care to protect yours. Avoid chomping down on hard objects, chewy foods, or pieces of ice. If you’re a teeth grinder, talk to your dentist about wearing a nightguard or finding other ways to relax your jaw.


Dentures are designed to replace missing teeth completely. Depending on how many teeth a person is missing, he or she can have a full set of dentures, a single denture, or a partial denture set. Although dentures are meant to replace the entire tooth, they are also designed to be removable, so they aren’t anchored to the gums by a root. Instead, they are often held in place by pastes or clips.

One major advantage of this dental solution is that they are often an affordable restoration option. But, they also have several drawbacks. Since they aren’t a permanent part of a person’s mouth, they can move around, cause wear and tear on the surrounding teeth, and are generally uncomfortable. There have also been instances of people accidentally swallowing their dentures, if they didn’t take the dentures out at night or if the dentures came loose while eating.

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You might think of dental implants as dentures’ more sophisticated younger sibling. They are more expensive than dentures, but they also have several benefits. For one thing, an implant replaces the damaged or otherwise lost tooth root, meaning that is firmly positioned in a person’s bone and gums, then covered with a realistic-looking crown. Since a person can’t remove the implant, there’s no risk of swallowing it. Implants are also much more comfortable than dentures and can be brushed and cared for like natural teeth.

Potential Risks of Damaged Teeth

Damaged teeth can cause a variety of complications if not addressed with restorative dentistry treatments. Poor oral hygiene, particularly when the tooth is already weakened, can lead to an infected tooth which will require antibiotics and possibly even extraction. Without proper dental services, this infection can spread to other teeth or the surrounding gums and bones. Furthermore, dental damage left unaddressed can cause further damage as it can leave the area weak and prone to cracking or chipping. This additional damage may require more complex restorative dentistry treatments such as root canal therapy or periodontal treatment.

Another possible complication of damaged teeth is an absence of tooth roots. This condition can disrupt healthy dental development and make it difficult for a patient to maintain their smile in the long term without further restorative treatment such as implants or dental veneers. Many times, these treatments are necessary to restore any lost functionality and aesthetics caused by damaged teeth. The best way to avoid these complications is for patients to maintain regular visits with their dentist for preventive care and timely interventions when needed.

When to Seek a Dental Restoration Treatment?

Dental restoration may be necessary if there is decay, weakening, fracture, or missing teeth. Tooth restoration involves various methods, materials, and technologies utilized to fix or replace all or part of a tooth’s structure, including dentures and tooth crowns. Some conditions that may require a dental restoration include:

  • Decayed teeth and cavities caused by enamel erosion and infection
  • Fractured or cracked teeth due to facial trauma
  • Broken tooth
  • Missing teeth following an extraction or accident
  • Teeth weakened from old or oversized fillings.

There are many reasons why you might need a replacement tooth or a restoration at some point in your lifetime. Knowing your options will allow you to make the best choice for your oral health. In Miami, Dr. John Paul Gallardo specializes in dental implants. If you are dealing with a severely damaged or lost tooth, call (305) 447-1447 to schedule a consultation with the periodontists and implant dental specialists today.